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A Translator and Art Historian active in Heritage Conservation. You can meet me also at : http://www.triond.com/users/Francois+Hagnere http://expertscolumn.com/user Thank you for your visit. more...

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I've published 113 articles that have been viewed 444,645 times. I've received +1,256 recommendations as an expert for my writing. I've answered 14 questions and received +17 positive votes.
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The abbey prospered under the protection of Saint-Germain of Auxerre, and later of Saint-Michael, whose popularity was then growing in France, and it became the heart of a large agricultural estate. The greatest craftsmen worked on it. By 1140, great quantities of the richest marble were quarried from the Pyrenees to provide the columns of the cloister, which were then topped with strong capitals furnished with the usual Roussillon fantastic imagery. The nave, transept and apse survive from Moo...
Published by Francois Hagnere 57 months ago in France | +7 votes | 3 comments
The Church of the Dominicans in Toulouse includes the unusual feature of two parallel naves and exemplifies new methods of architecture along with a heavier style, reflecting the influence of master masons from northern France. The last and most famous pillar of the church is "the palm-tree", so nicknamed because it supports alone all the vaults of the apse, whose 22 ribs splay out all around like palm branches. The Cathar towering fortresses cling like eyries high up on the Fenouillèdes and...
Published by Francois Hagnere 58 months ago in France | +7 votes | 0 comments
The Gothic Cathedral at Strasbourg is a large book of images recounting the historic gifts of Christianity, from the Creation of the World to the Fall of Adam. It is not the choice of subjects that is inventive so much as the feverish and dramatic inspiration that animates the statues of the Prophets in the niches of the central doorway, stirs the draperies and clenches the faces, so much so that one might call this an example of expressionism. The south portal, by contrast, shows the Wise and F...
Published by Francois Hagnere 58 months ago in France | +6 votes | 0 comments
The Cistercian Order might not have had such an enormous expansion had the young aristocrat Bernard, born at the castle of Fontaines near Dijon, not decided, at the age of 22, to renounce the world and join the 32 Burgundians at the Monastery of Cîteaux. In 1115, the young monkwas enjoined to establish the Cistercian Rule at Cîteaux in Champagne, and soon the success of the Rule led to new foundations, at Fontenay, Pontigny and Morimond. The little wattle-and-daub hermitages became monaste...
Published by Francois Hagnere 58 months ago in France | +6 votes | 0 comments
Work was begun on the choir at Notre-Dame, as was customary, and finished after 20 years in 1180. Next came the nave. It had double side-aisles, with tribunes above, to compensate for the weight of the vaulting. The house of God was also the house of the people. They came here to pray, naturally, but also ate, slept and conducted their business here. The narrow forecourt was full of traders' stalls; bakers selling bread; baskets full of haunches of lamb dripping blood.
Published by Francois Hagnere 58 months ago in France | +3 votes | 0 comments
A dry list of dates gives no idea of the revisions, hesitations and changes of mind that went with the two hundreds years of the construction work. It is a moving fact that Strasbourg Cathedral is the first for which the various plans have survived, in the form of three sketches from which we can read the mathematical preoccupations of their creators.
Published by Francois Hagnere 58 months ago in France | +5 votes | 0 comments
Alsace, on the edge of the two worlds of the Latin and the Germanic, is a crucible in which were forged together all sorts of influences, Ottonian, Burgundian, Italian and Flemish. Even the name, Strasbourg, the town of roads tells of its destiny. Carolingian traditions are upheld here better than anywhere else, and the octagonal plan of the 9th century abbey church of Ottmarsheim copied that of Aachen. On the other hand, the basilican plan was inherited from the Empire.
Published by Francois Hagnere 58 months ago in France | +5 votes | 0 comments
From the 10th century, monasteries began to invade the rocky wildernesses and snowy forests of Savoy. You will discover a number of picturesque priories and abbeys whose most famous is the Grande Chartreuse founded by Saint-Bruno in 1185. The most beautiful is no doubt the extraordinary Priory of Le Bourget-du-Lac with its intact and magnificent rood screen, stained glass windows and cloisters. It was founded by Saint Odilo of Cluny in the 9th century.
Published by Francois Hagnere 59 months ago in France | +5 votes | 0 comments
From the 13th century, the organisation of cathedral builders became rather more precise, and names have come down to us of masters able to calculate the elevations and draw up blueprints. There is even a unique document, 33 sheets of parchment sewn into a thick skin, which belonged to Villard de Honnecourt, the architect of Cambrésis. In it, he put all the notes and sketches that he made on his travels in France and Hungary.
Published by Francois Hagnere 59 months ago in Art & Art History | +6 votes | 0 comments
We do not know the name of the genius who first had the idea of supporting the weight of the nave by means of flying buttresses. His discovery, though, brought with it a new type of equilibrium. The over-heavy galleries (as at Notre-Dame de Paris or Laon) disappeared, replaced by side-aisles that could reach a new height without being constrained or compartmentalised.
Published by Francois Hagnere 59 months ago in France | +3 votes | 1 comments
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